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At The Sound Learning Centre we do our utmost to describe everything in layman’s terms as we believe that clarity and full understanding are at the root of finding practical ways forward. Here we list any jargon, medical terms or names you may come across in this field.
ADD : Attention Deficit Disorder, a developmental disorder that presents during childhood, in most cases before the age of seven, and is characterised by developmentally inappropriate levels of inattention.
ADHD : Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, a developmental disorder that presents during childhood, in most cases before the age of seven, and is characterised by developmentally inappropriate levels of inattention and hyperactive-impulsive behaviour.
Anorexia Nervosa : an eating disorder characterised by low body weight and body image distortion. Individuals with anorexia often control body weight by voluntary starvation, purging, vomiting, excessive exercise, or other weight control measures, such as diet pills or diuretic drugs.
Asperger’s Syndrome : a pervasive developmental disorder, commonly classified as a form of high-functioning autism. Individuals with Asperger’s Syndrome have normal or above average intellectual capacity, with atypical or poorly developed social skills and emotional awareness. People with Asperger’s Syndrome can also exhibit obsessive compulsive behaviours. Development or integration may occur later than usual.
Audiokinetron : a machine used to alter music in accordance with the protocol established by Dr. Guy Bérard for Auditory Integration Training (AIT).
Auditory Processing Delay is an Auditory Processing Disorder (APD) and specifically refers to timing delays in processing what is being heard. It often is a contributor to dyslexia and stuttering/stammering.
Auditory Processing Disorder (APD) , also known as Central Auditory Processing Disorder (CAPD) , is a difficulty with processing what is being heard and describes a range of problems with processing auditory information in the brain. It is recognised as a major cause of dyslexia .
Autism : or Autistic Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a neuro-developmental disorder which manifests itself in markedly abnormal social interaction, communication ability, patterns of interests and patterns of behaviour.
Autistic Spectrum Disorder (ASD) : or Autism is a neuro-developmental disorder which manifests itself in markedly abnormal social interaction, communication ability, patterns of interests and patterns of behaviour.
Balance System : or balance system is the sensory system that provides input about movement and orientation in space. It comprises three semicircular canals, which indicate rotational movements and the otoliths , which indicate linear movement.
Bérard, Dr. Guy : a French E.N.T. (ears, nose and throat) specialist, who identified a link between hearing distortions and many behavioural and learning problems and developed Auditory Integration Training (AIT) treatment.
Bulimia Nervosa : Bulimia nervosa, or bulimia, is an eating disorder caused by a psychological condition in which the person engages in recurrent binge eating followed by intentional purging, typically takes the form of vomiting, use of laxatives, enemas, diuretics or other medication, excessive exercising or fasting.
Central Auditory Processing Disorder (CAPD) : also known as Auditory Processing Disorder (APD) is a difficulty with processing what is being heard and describes a range of problems with processing auditory information in the brain. It is recognised as a major cause of dyslexia .
Cocktail Party Syndrome : the inability to separate conversation from background noise in a noisy environment (see also Presbyacusis ).
Coprolalia : the spontaneous utterance of socially objectionable words or phrases. Often associated with Tourette’s Syndrome .
Downing, Dr. John : a multi-disciplinary scientist and innovator in bio-engineering, health and neuro-science who developed Lightwave Stimulation (LWS) or Downing Technique treatment, a neuro-sensory developmental programme using light and colour.
Dyspraxia : an impairment or immaturity of the organisation of movement caused by an immaturity of the way the brain processes information, resulting in messages not being fully transmitted to the body.
Emotional Transformation Therapy (ETT) : a programme developed by Dr. Steven Vasquez in the USA using a Lumatron or Photron machine, selecting colours to assist clients to identify, talk about and release emotional and associated physical and psychological blockages.
Glue Ear : or otitis media, is an inflammation of the middle ear segment of the ear. It is usually associated with a build-up of fluid and frequently causes an earache. The fluid may or may not be infected.
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) : an anxiety disorder most commonly characterised by a person’s obsessive (repetitive, distressing, intrusive) thoughts and related compulsions (tasks or rituals) which attempt to neutralise the obsessions.
Otitis Media : or glue ear, is an inflammation of the middle ear segment of the ear. It is usually associated with a build-up of fluid and frequently causes an earache. The fluid may or may not be infected.
Otoliths : part of the vestibular, or balance, system they sense linear acceleration or deceleration. There are two in each inner ear, the utricle measuring horizontal movement and the saccule measuring vertical movement.
Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) : the psychological consequences of exposure to, or confrontation with, stressful experiences such as actual or threatened death, serious physical injury, or a threat to physical and/or psychological integrity.
Reflexes : primitive reflexes develop in the womb, are present at birth and gradually inhibit during the first twelve months as the infant begins to move and grow. They are replaced by postural reflexes which cope with the demands of a gravity-based environment.
Sensory Integration Disorder (SID) : a neurological disorder causing difficulties with processing information from the five direct senses, the sense of balance and the proprioceptive system. Information is received normally, but perceived abnormally by the brain.
Tomatis, Dr. Alfred : 1920-2001, a French E.N.T. (ears, nose and throat) specialist, who laid the groundwork for a new multi-disciplinary science called Audio-Psycho-Phonology (APP) and developed a sound therapy called the Tomatis method.
Tourette’s Syndrome : a neurological disorder, characterised by the presence of multiple involuntary movements (motor tics) and involuntary utterances (phonic tics). This can include the spontaneous utterance of socially objectionable words or phrases (Coprolalia ).
Van Obberghen, Pierre : developer of Chromo-Therapy .
Vestibular System : or balance system is the sensory system that provides input about movement and orientation in space. It comprises three semicircular canals located in the inner ear, which indicate rotational movements and the otoliths , which indicate linear movement. It is linked to both the auditory and ocular systems.