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Asperger’s Syndrome is a disorder named after a Viennese physician, Hans Asperger, who in 1944 for the first time described a pattern of behaviour in children with normal intelligence and language development, but with otherwise autistic-like behaviours and marked deficiencies in social and communication skills.
By definition, those with Asperger’s Syndrome have a normal IQ and many individuals (although not all), exhibit exceptional skill or talent in a specific area. Because of their high degree of functionality and their naiveté, those with Asperger’s Syndrome are often viewed as eccentric or odd and can easily become victims of bullying or teasing. While language development often seems, on the surface, normal, individuals with Asperger’s Syndrome can have difficulties with semantics. Vocabularies may be extraordinarily rich and some children sound like ‘little professors’. However, they can be extremely literal and have difficulty using language in a social context. People with Asperger’s Syndrome can also exhibit obsessive compulsive behaviours.
Typical behaviours of someone with Asperger’s Syndrome include:
- Difficulties with change
- Prefer routine
- Obsessive habits
- Preoccupied with a particular subject of interest
- Deficiencies in social skills
- Difficulty reading non-verbal cues (body language)
- Difficulty determining proper body space
- Clumsy and uncoordinated body movements
- Bothered by sounds no one else seems to hear
- Light sensitive
- Tactile sensitivities
- Prefer soft clothing
- Cannot tolerate labels in clothes
- Fussy eater
Asperger’s Syndrome occurs irrespective of intelligence or background and more often in males. There often is an overlap with related conditions.
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please see the Treatment section of our website